Egg Farmers & Hen Care

When we eat eggs – whether it’s scrambled, poached, sunny-side up or as part of a yummy dish; we know we’re eating something that’s rich in protein. Eggs are one of Mother Nature’s most nutrient-dense foods.

Yet, chances are many of us don’t know why:

  • A single Canada grade A large egg (53 g) contains: 70 calories, 6 grams of protein, and many essential nutrients.
  • Eggs provide us with many essential vitamins (A, B6, B12, D, E, riboflavin, thiamine, choline, niacin, folate) and minerals our bodies need for good health.
  • An excellent source of high quality protein, eggs contain all nine essential amino acids our bodies cannot make on their own.

The People Behind the Egg

Making sure eggs are nutritious starts at the farm - BC egg farmers know just about everything there is to know about running a farm and looking after their hens. BC egg farmers work with humane societies, veterinarians, food inspectors, and animal scientists to ensure chickens are happy, healthy and laying high-quality eggs.

Have you ever wondered what hens eat?

Naturally omnivorous, it’s not unusual for hens on their own to eat worms, insects, and in some cases small reptiles like frogs, as well as plants and grains.

Hens need a high-quality balanced protein; some feeds used in Canada can contain a small amount of safe animal by-products (such as: dried eggshell, meat and bone meal). These provide hens with a nutritious source of energy, protein, calcium and phosphorous.

Did you know the food a hen eats affects its yolk colour?

  • Pale yellow yolk = hen was fed a wheat-based diet
  • Medium yellow yolk = hen was given feed containing corn
  • Dark yellow yolk = hen was fed a diet containing flax seed

Farmer’s usually feed their hens based on what’s locally produced—wheat or corn.

Wheat, corn, barley, rye and oats in the feed provide energy, and are also sources of protein, fibre, vitamins and minerals. Legumes (soybeans and peas; oilseeds, canola and flax), are more concentrated sources of dietary protein and fat.

In Canada, hormones and steroids are not approved. When you buy eggs from your local store – these do not contain steroids or hormones. Canadian egg farmers follow feed guidelines set by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).

B.C. egg farmers offer a variety of eggs at the store:

  • Classic brown and white eggs
  • Specialty eggs such as Omega-3, Vitamin D, vegetarian-fed; organic and free-range

With so many options, it's easy to get confused. The good news? All eggs are simply delicious and good for you!